Recordign and production mome studio equipment

How to set up the production environment with minimal effort and of course budget. Something about minimal configuration that is need for music production. Production environment might be quite complex issue but I don't want to talk about concepts of big recording and production studios. I would like to focus on the simplest concept as possible. Give some advices what and how, something that would help me at my beginning. 

Home studio room treatment - layout and speakers placement

Maybe at first look this topic doesn't seems so crucial but it's an important issue regard to quality of your production. If you want to design your own sound on appropriate quality level and even with your own style then you have to have of course skills but also a good environment. This is not about expensive studio gear. Actually, this is not about a gear at all. This part is about physical space and room.

Home studio room treatment - first reflection, flutter echo, comb filtering

Doesn't matter if your production is focused on the rock music, hip-hop beats or electronic music. All styles have common attribute - the track has to be in appropriate sound quality. In order to achieve it is need to have good sounding  room. For this purpose is need to do several things - properly layout the setup (speakers, listening position..) and install several elements that can affect the room sound in the right way. The reason why to do that are sound reflections that behave differently regard to its frequency. I don't want to go into physical theory details, but for better understanding is good to be familiar with these few basics.

We can start with simpler ones and it is undesired behave of the sound waves in the middle and the high frequency range - their reflections and unwanted caused effects.

Home studio room treatment - Standing wave forms and room modes

If your studio have at least one pair of parallel reflective surfaces and I'll bet it has (the walls or the floor and ceiling), than you can observe a physical effects called standing waves. Standing waves are big enemy because they distort the bass and lower midrange frequencies from 300 Hz on down.

Standing waves are created when the sound is reflected back and forth between any two parallel surfaces in your room and the sound wavelength is equal to the dimensions between these parallel walls. They affect frequencies below 300 Hz.

Home studio room treatment - acoustic absorbers and bass traps

There are different opinions about this part, if it is necessary or not. According to my humble opinion if you mean it serious it is very important step. Treatment of your room can significantly improve your production flow and save a lot of time wasted by reveal of sound design pitfalls.

Home studio - DIY Corner bass trap

As was described in the previous article distortion on low frequencies is most significant in the corners of the room. Under home and small production or recording studios markedly limited by budget is often design of simple DIY corner bass traps only one way how to at least partially resolve this problem. For each corner was made one bass trap. Described bass trap is very simple. Consist of three main parts:

DIY home studio acoustic panels

Here is next chapter of the treatment of my production room. After corner bass traps was necessary to take care about side walls in early/first reflection zone, so I built several acoustic panels to side walls and also couple for usage as cloud absorbers hanged down from the ceiling. Described acoustic panels are cheap and very simple.

Is important to mention that these acoustic panels are basically very universal. If you decide to treat the room in simple way that all what you need is to create a several of these panels and place them on the right places - surfaces (walls, ceiling) and corners as well.

Panels consist of three main parts:

Front wall of my room (behind the speakers) contains the window, so I had to resolve treatment of this room part by stand alone solutions. I decide to make acoustic panels from acoustic absortive panel, put it to the wooden frame and stand it up on the simple legs made by few wooden laths. On the front and back side to cover the acoustic material by breathable fabric (pinned on the light wooden frame). Since panels are relatively thick enough and also situated about 30 cm from the front wall, they are able to absorb also part of low frequencies range. Contribute to better room acoustic response (less distortion) on the bass sounds so it also function of bass trap.

Home studio room treatment - back wall acoustic panel - absorber

When I had done acoustic treatment of corners, front room part, side and cloud acoustic panels, came time to finish last part - back wall treatment - placed on the wall behind your ears. I decide to solve this by execution one construction mounted directly to wall without need of create a back side of the panel. Construction consist of three main parts: